After two years of fighting the Ethiopian federal government and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) signed a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement, on 2 November 2022 in Pretoria South Africa. This was followed by the signing of an Executive Declaration on the modalities of the implementation of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement,  on 12 November 2022 in Nairobi.
Since the fighting erupted about 600,000 lives have been lost and although the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement is a step in the right direction the road to durable peace remains long. Dismas Nkunda and Shuvai Busman Nyoni of the African Leadership Centre discuss in a conversation moderated by Mark Heywood for the Daily Maverick.
“Ethiopia: Filling in the Gaps in the Peace Process” available here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q2TJcskWw3o
Dismas Nkunda’s opinion piece for the Daily Maverik available here: https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2023-02-13-ethiopian-peace-deal-must-be-bolstered-to-prevent-further-slaughter-and-war-atrocities/
 African Union, Agreement for lasting peace through a Permanent Cessation of Hostilities between the government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), 2 November 2022, https://igad.int/wp-content/uploads/2022/11/Download-the-signed-agreement-here.pdf
 Declaration of the senior commanders on the modalities for the implementation of the agreement for lasting peace through a permanent cessation of hostilities between the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE) and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), 12 November 2022, https://addisstandard.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/11/Executive-Declaration.pdf
 Financial Times, “War in Tigray may have killed 600,000 people, peace mediator says,” 15 January 2023, https://www.ft.com/content/2f385e95-0899-403a-9e3b-ed8c24adf4e7