Mali

Mali, officially the Republic of Mali, is a landlocked country in West Africa. Present-day Mali was once part of three West African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade: the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire (for which Mali is named), and the Songhai Empire. In the late 19th century, during the Scramble for Africa, France seized control of Mali, making it a part of French Sudan. French Sudan (then known as the Sudanese Republic) joined with Senegal in 1959, achieving independence in 1960 as the Mali Federation.

Shortly thereafter, following Senegal’s withdrawal from the federation, the Sudanese Republic declared itself the independent Republic of Mali. After a long period of one-party rule, a coup in 1991 led to the writing of a new constitution and the establishment of Mali as a democratic, multi-party state.

In January 2012, an armed conflict broke out in northern Mali, which Tuareg rebels took control of by April and declared the secession of a new state, Azawad. The conflict was complicated by a military coup that took place in March] and later fighting between Tuareg and Islamist rebels. In response to Islamist territorial gains, the French military launched Opération Serval in January 2013. A month later, Malian and French forces recaptured most of the north. Presidential elections were held on 28 July 2013, with a second round run-off held on 11 August, and legislative elections were held on 24 November and 15 December 2013.

Monitor May

Atrocities Watch Africa (AWA) conducts continuous monitoring of ongoing situations in African countries at risk of or experiencing mass atrocities in order to identify trends in patterns of violence and policy responses in efforts to contribute to recommendations for...

Monitor December 2023

Atrocities Watch Africa (AWA) is a non-partisan civil society organisation that provides continental leadership in matters pertaining to the prevention of mass atrocities within Africa. Our strategies and approaches are grounded in the realisation that atrocities can...

Update June 2023

In May 2023, the UN Human Rights Office (OHCHR) issued a comprehensive report on the Moura massacre in March 2022. The UN report is based on interviews with victims and witnesses as well as forensics and other information as the team was not allowed to access the...

Monitor June 2023

Atrocities Watch Africa (AWA) is a non-partisan, civil society organisation that provides continental leadership in matters pertaining to the prevention of mass atrocities within Africa, our strategies and approaches are grounded in the realisation that atrocities can...

Monitor August 2022

Atrocities Watch Africa (AWA) is a non-partisan, civil society organisation that provides continental leadership in matters pertaining to the prevention of mass atrocities within Africa, our strategies and approaches are grounded in the realisation that atrocities can...

MONITOR JUNE 2022

Atrocities Watch Africa Monitor No 5, June 2022 Atrocities Watch Africa (AWA) is a non-partisan, civil society organisation that intends to provide continental leadership in matters pertaining to the prevention of mass atrocities within Africa, our strategies and...

Update June 2022

From Atrocities Watch Monitor N° 5, June 2022Read full newsletter here. Violence in Mali increased. ACLED reported a slight increase in violent events against civilians and over 200% increase in battles throughout the country when compared to April 2022, however,...

MONITOR MAY 2022

Atrocities Watch Africa Monitor No 4, May 2022 Atrocities Watch Africa (AWA) is a non-partisan, civil society organisation that intends to provide continental leadership in matters pertaining to the prevention of mass atrocities within Africa, our strategies and...

Update May 2022

From Atrocities Watch Monitor N° 4, May 2022Read full newsletter here. Clashes between the government and allied forces against Islamist extremist groups continued throughout April. The Moura Massacre, which occurred in late March 2022, cost the lives of over 300...

Updates April 2022

From Atrocities Watch Monitor No. 3 April 2022. Read full newsletter here Civilian casualties increased throughout 2021, especially in the northern and central part of the country, due to increasing attacks by armed groups and intercommunal violence.115 The Human...